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September 13, 2023

Understanding and Managing Fall Allergies

As the leaves change and the air turns crisper, many people look forward to the beauty of fall. However, for some, this season brings a different set of challenges: fall allergies. The symptoms of fall allergies can sometimes be confused with those of the flu, COVID-19, or even ongoing allergies. In this blog post, your trusted primary care office provides insights on identifying fall allergies and distinguishing them from other health concerns.

Understanding Fall Allergies

Fall allergies, often referred to as hay fever or allergic rhinitis, are triggered by the release of pollen from various trees, grasses, and weeds. Common fall allergens include ragweed, mold spores, and certain tree pollen. When these allergens come into contact with sensitive individuals, they can lead to a range of symptoms, such as:

Runny or Stuffy Nose: Allergens can irritate the nasal passages, causing congestion or a constantly runny nose.

Sneezing: Frequent sneezing is a common response to allergens.

Itchy or Watery Eyes: Irritation of the eyes often leads to itching and excessive tearing.

Scratchy Throat: Postnasal drip can result in a scratchy or irritated throat.

Coughing: Coughing, particularly at night, can be triggered by postnasal drip.

Fatigue: Allergy symptoms can lead to disrupted sleep and overall fatigue.

Differentiating Fall Allergies from the Flu, COVID-19, and Allergies

While fall allergies share some symptoms with other health concerns, there are distinct differences that can help you determine the cause of your discomfort. Here’s how to differentiate between fall allergies, the flu, COVID-19, and ongoing allergies:

Fall Allergies vs. Flu


Fever is a common symptom of the flu but is not associated with allergies.

Muscle and Body Aches

Muscle and body aches are typical of the flu, while they are uncommon with allergies.

Rapid Onset

The flu often comes on suddenly with more intense symptoms, while allergies usually develop more gradually.


Both conditions can lead to fatigue, but it’s usually more pronounced with the flu.

Fall Allergies vs. COVID-19

Loss of Taste or Smell

COVID-19 can cause a sudden loss of taste or smell, which is not a symptom of allergies.

Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing are more commonly associated with COVID-19 and not allergies.


While both conditions can lead to a fever, COVID-19 may cause more persistent and higher fever levels.

Dry Cough

COVID-19 often presents with a dry cough, which is less common in allergies.

Fall Allergies vs. Ongoing Allergies


Fall allergies typically occur during specific times of the year when certain allergens are prevalent. Ongoing allergies can happen throughout the year.

Environmental Factors

If your symptoms worsen when you’re outdoors or in environments with allergens, it’s more likely to be fall allergies.


Ongoing allergies usually have consistent symptoms, whereas fall allergies might come and go with the changing pollen levels.


Ongoing allergies may be triggered by a variety of allergens, while fall allergies are often triggered by specific seasonal allergens.

Seeking Professional Guidance

If you’re uncertain about the cause of your symptoms, it’s important to seek professional guidance. Your primary care provider can help you differentiate between fall allergies, the flu, COVID-19, and ongoing allergies through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and, if necessary, diagnostic tests.

Managing Fall Allergies

If you determine that your symptoms are due to fall allergies, there are several steps you can take to manage them effectively:

Allergen Avoidance

Minimize your exposure to allergens by keeping windows closed, using air purifiers, and staying indoors during peak pollen times.


Over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal corticosteroids can help alleviate allergy symptoms. Consult your healthcare provider before starting any new medications.

Allergy Shots

For severe allergies, allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots) may be recommended by your doctor to desensitize your immune system to specific allergens.

Personalized Care

Work with your healthcare provider to develop an allergy management plan tailored to your individual needs and triggers.

As fall settles in, it’s important to be aware of the distinct symptoms that accompany fall allergies and how they differ from the flu, COVID-19, and ongoing allergies. By recognizing the nuances of each condition and seeking professional guidance when needed, you can effectively manage your health and well-being throughout the season. Remember that your primary care office is here to support you with accurate information and personalized care, ensuring you can enjoy the beauty of fall while staying healthy and allergy-free.

This article is for information purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice from or consultation with your healthcare provider.

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