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September 6, 2023

Prostate Cancer 101: Understanding Prostate Cancer with Physician Edwin Houng, MD

September marks an important month for healthcare advocates, patients, and families as it is dedicated to raising awareness about prostate cancer. Prostate cancer affects countless lives, making it crucial to comprehend the basics of this condition. Dr. Houng with Avance Care Knightdale and Northeast Raleigh is sharing his expertise on the essential aspects of prostate cancer, including its definition, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and prevention strategies. By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of prostate cancer and be equipped with vital information to promote early detection and proactive health management.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the prostate, a small gland situated below the bladder in men. This gland plays a crucial role in the male reproductive system by producing seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. While prostate cancer typically progresses slowly, it has the potential to spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.

Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing prostate cancer. Age is a significant factor, with the risk rising as men get older. Family history also plays a role; having a close relative, such as a father or brother, with prostate cancer increases the risk. Additionally, certain ethnic groups, such as African-American men, face a higher risk.

Symptoms and Early Detection

In the early stages, prostate cancer may not show any noticeable symptoms. This is why regular screenings are essential, especially for men over the age of 50 or those with risk factors. However, in more advanced stages, symptoms can manifest, including:

Urinary Changes

Difficulties in starting or stopping urination, weak flow, frequent urination, or blood in urine.

Erectile Dysfunction

Trouble achieving or maintaining an erection.


Discomfort in the pelvic area, lower back, hips, or thighs.

Diagnosis and Screening

Early detection significantly improves the prognosis of prostate cancer. Common screening methods include the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and a digital rectal exam (DRE). The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood, as elevated levels can indicate prostate issues. A DRE involves a doctor examining the prostate by inserting a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for abnormalities.

Treatment Options

The appropriate treatment for prostate cancer depends on various factors, including the cancer’s stage, the patient’s overall health, and personal preferences. Treatment options include:

Active Surveillance: For slow-growing tumors, doctors may recommend monitoring the cancer’s progression with regular check-ups.

Surgery: Surgical removal of the prostate gland, known as a prostatectomy, is a common treatment for localized cancer.

Radiation Therapy: High-energy rays target cancer cells and can be administered externally or via radioactive seeds placed near the tumor.

Hormone Therapy: By suppressing testosterone levels, hormone therapy aims to slow cancer growth.

Chemotherapy: This option is considered for advanced cases and involves drugs that target and kill rapidly dividing cells.

Lifestyle and Prevention

While certain risk factors like age and family history are beyond our control, there are proactive steps individuals can take to reduce their risk of developing prostate cancer:

Diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while low in red meat and saturated fats may lower the risk.

Physical Activity: Engaging in regular exercise not only promotes overall health but may also decrease the risk of prostate cancer.

Maintain Healthy Weight: Being overweight or obese is linked to a higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer.

Screening: Regular screenings are crucial, especially if you’re at a higher risk due to age, family history, or ethnicity.

Support and Resources

Receiving a prostate cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming. However, numerous resources are available to provide information, emotional support, and guidance. Local support groups, online communities, and healthcare professionals can offer valuable insights and help individuals navigate their journey.

Empowering Prostate Cancer Awareness

Prostate cancer awareness month serves as a reminder that knowledge is a powerful tool in the fight against this disease. By understanding the risk factors, symptoms, screening methods, and treatment options, individuals can take proactive steps toward early detection and better outcomes. As we continue to advocate for research and education, let’s work together to empower men with the information they need to prioritize their prostate health and overall well-being.

In conclusion, prostate cancer is a formidable opponent, but armed with knowledge, we can make informed decisions that lead to better health outcomes. Let this month serve as a catalyst for ongoing awareness and action, ensuring that every man’s journey is marked by early detection, effective treatment, and unwavering support.

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